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Referencing Guide: Harvard

Using Harvard

This section provides guidance on the use of the Harvard referencing style.  You will find full guidance and an option to view webinars and live workshops on how best to approach this style of referencing. 

In-text citations and Bibliography

In-text citations and Bibliographies

Harvard is a in-text citations and bibliography referencing system. This means that all sources should be immediately cited with an in-text reference when they are mentioned in your work, and a full reference should appear in the Bibliography at the end of your work.

In-text Citations

An in-text citation consists of the author or authors’ surname(s), and the year the source was published. If you are quoting, or otherwise referring to a particular part of the source, it should also include the page or paragraph number.

An in-text citation may look like this:

“Confidence in the police has declined sharply in the past few years as the number of unsolved crimes continues to grow.” (Hall, 2019, p.5)
An interesting insight is provided by Hall (2019, p. 5) who claims that…

If the whole of the work by Hall was being cited, not only a specific section, then the in-text citation might look like this:

                In her book, Hall (2019) notes…



The Bibliography should contain full details of everything you have cited in your assignment. Each reference should follow the format for its source type, as given in the Harvard Referencing Guide, which allows readers to see the full information needed to trace the item.

All the references should be listed in alphabetical order of author’s name, regardless of format.

Cite Them Right


You’re new to referencing – where do you start?

The Harvard Referencing Guide gives you formats for different reference types, along with examples of how they should look. But we also have another resource called CiteThemRight.

CiteThemRight is a reference creation support website. It gives you examples of what different types of reference should look like, and also a place where you can try creating a reference for yourself.

Each resource type in CiteThemRight has its own ‘You Try’ box, where you can type your own reference information to replace a reference template. CiteThemRight takes care of all the punctuation and formatting; you simply add your information.

To learn more about how to use CiteThemRight, take our very short:


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